Dutton + Associates has successfully completed a wide variety of projects for public and private sector clients such as the National Park Service, Navy Region Mid-Atlantic, Rural Development, NASA Langley Research Center, the Cities of Hampton and Newport News, Dominion, McGuireWoods, Rolls Royce, and Martin Marietta Materials. Below are examples of recently completed projects.

Phase I Cultural Resource Survey

Dutton + Associates performed a county-required Phase I survey of a 920-acre tract in the Piedmont of Virginia. The project required 50 foot interval shovel testing of the undulating landscape, a reconnaissance survey of all standing structures, and a view shed analysis. Identified archaeological sites included small prehistoric camp sites and the remains of late nineteenth century tenet farm houses. The architectural resources included the dwelling of an early twentieth century middling farmer as well as a house and outbuildings of a more prominent farmer from the 1920s.

Monitoring and Excavation

Dutton + Associates performed archaeological monitoring and subsequent excavation of cultural features dating to the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries at two archaeological sites. The work was completed along the alignment of two utility trench corridors within a proposed residential development in Tidewater, Virginia. Sites documented during monitoring and excavated included an eighteenth century well and a late eighteenth to early nineteenth century domestic site.

Dutton + Associates also assisted with development of a mitigation plan that satisfied the client’s obligations under County ordinances. The mitigation plan addressed proposed development activities in areas of identified sites and outlined steps for resource documentation.

Phase II Architectural Evaluation

Dutton + Associates performed a Phase II architectural evaluation of a mid- nineteenth-century log house, located in Goochland County, Virginia.

The results of the Phase II evaluation revealed a log structure of the double-pile saddlebag type, which evolved from the single-pen, square log cabins popularized by German English, and Scotch-Irish immigrants. Log houses with similar plans, notching, and construction dates (1820-1860) had been documented in surrounding counties; however, research had not identified any similar saddlebag-style log houses in the immediate vicinity of the proposed project. Dutton + Associates provided photographic and written documentation that conclusively determined the eligibility of the property for listing in the National Register of Historic Places.

Phase III Data Recovery

Dutton + Associates performed data recovery excavations at an early nineteenth century private residence in Caroline County, Virginia in partial fulfillment of the requirements of a Historic Preservation Easement held by the Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Phase III data recovery was performed at two archaeological sites: a nineteenth century slave quarter and a late nineteenth to twentieth century refuse scatter associated with the main house. Cultural features documented and excavated included building piers, refuse pits, and planting features. A final report documenting the data recovery efforts was submitted to and accepted by the Virginia Department of Historic resources in partial fulfillment of the terms of the Historic Preservation Easement.

Interpretive Exhibits

Dutton + Associates created an interpretive sign plan for a residential development in the Winchester, Virginia region. The plan was developed in partial fulfillment of the terms of a memorandum of agreement executed among the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the Virginia Department of Historic Resources, and the project’s developer. The plan identified target audiences, interpretive themes, sign locations, and sign mount options.

Dutton + Associates developed signage text and designed the sign layout. The work was conducted in consultation with the client and local historical organizations.

Phase IA Cultural Resource Assessment

Dutton + Associates conducted a Phase IA cultural resource assessment of a 1,050-acre tract in Prince George County, Virginia. The assessment was conducted to confirm existing conditions at previously recorded sites and to identify areas where cultural resources are likely to be present.

Using historic maps, previously identified sites, and settlement patterns of prehistoric and historic peoples, a predictive model was generated that identified areas of the tract that demonstrated the potential for undiscovered cultural resources.

Dutton + Associates conducted a pedestrian survey of areas identified as having high potential to contain cultural resources and documented visible evidence of cultural activity. A report complete with property history, graphics illustrating areas of high and low potential for cultural resources, and photo documentation of existing conditions was prepared and submitted to the client for use in project planning.

Phase I Architectural Survey

Dutton + Associates completed a Phase I level identification survey of buildings and structures located at a government facility in the Tidewater region of Virginia. The survey built upon previous work.

The survey involved review and synthesis of existing historic context data, additional field inspection and recordation of 164 buildings and structures, as well as revisions and additions to Virginia Department of Historic Resources (VDHR) Data Sharing Software (DSS) survey records. In addition to providing individual property documentation, the Phase I survey made preliminary evaluations of resource significance, both individually and collectively, in accordance with established National Register of Historic Places criteria and identified potential historic district boundaries. The survey provided resource managers with the necessary documentation to make informed and balanced decision regarding resource management and treatment.

Phase II Archaeological Evaluation

Dutton + Associates conducted Phase II archaeological evaluations of a Late Woodland site, as well as an Early, Middle, and Late Woodland site located within Stafford County, Virginia.

The goal of the Phase II evaluation was to conclusively determine the overall significance and National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) eligibility of the two sites. This was accomplished through a combination of detailed historic research and field investigations that included close-interval shovel testing and test unit excavation.

The Phase II evaluation investigations were designed to assess the existence and subsequent integrity of subsurface deposits, to define the vertical and horizontal limits of the sites, and to obtain sufficient information to make recommendations about the sites’ eligibility for listing in the NRHP.

The results of the Phase II evaluations of the two sites suggested that the prehistoric cultural stratigraphy had been significantly disturbed as a result of agricultural practice, erosion, and earthmoving impacts and no cultural features were identified. As a result, intact cultural deposits were not likely to be present that would contain important new information about the prehistory and history of the area.

HABS/HAER Documentation

Dutton + Associates managed development of and assembled Level I Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) documentation for five wind tunnels and a research facility at a regional federal installation in partial fulfillment of the requirements of a memorandum of agreement. Documentation of these highly technical and structurally complex research facilities included measured drawings, detailed historical background information, detailed structural descriptions, and large format photography. Preparation of documentation was coordinated with the HABS/HAER/HAL Division of the National Park Service (NPS) and was submitted to the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, the Virginia Department of Historic Resources, and the NPS.

Regulatory Compliance Assistance

Dutton + Associates assisted the local re-use authority with the development of a programmatic agreement for the management of a National Historic Landmark property that was being closed under the Base Realignment and Closure Act. Consultation involved over 32 consulting parties, including various community and special interest groups, federally recognized tribes, and the National Trust for Historic Preservation. The agreement provides a framework for managing and treating historic properties and is based on a series of management zones, which reflect resources types, historic land use, and existing conditions. The programmatic agreement outlines treatments, which allow for the long term reuse and management of the facilities. Resource types covered by the agreement include buildings, structures, sites, landscapes, and viewsheds.

Integrated Cultural Resource Management Plans

Dutton + Associates participated in the development of an Integrated Cultural Resource Management Plan (ICRMP) for a federal property located in Tidewater, Virginia. The ICRMP updates an earlier plan and re-evaluates the historic properties following the extensive construction in the 1990s. Dutton + Associates developed the archaeological and compliance process components of the ICRMP. The document identifies significant resources and proposes a methodology for integrating preservation and ongoing use of historic resources in conformance with the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended. The project included completion of a National Register of Historic Places nomination form. The project was completed in consultation with, and approved by, the Virginia Department of Historic Resources.

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